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md5.cpp

/*
 *  RFC 1321 compliant MD5 implementation
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2001-2003  Christophe Devine
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#include <string.h>

#include "md5.h"

#define GET_UINT32(n,b,i)                       \
{                                               \
    (n) = ( (uint32) (b)[(i)    ]       )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 1] <<  8 )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 2] << 16 )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 3] << 24 );      \
}

#define PUT_UINT32(n,b,i)                       \
{                                               \
    (b)[(i)    ] = (uint8) ( (n)       );       \
    (b)[(i) + 1] = (uint8) ( (n) >>  8 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 2] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 16 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 3] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 24 );       \
}

void md5_starts( md5_context *ctx )
{
    ctx->total[0] = 0;
    ctx->total[1] = 0;

    ctx->state[0] = 0x67452301;
    ctx->state[1] = 0xEFCDAB89;
    ctx->state[2] = 0x98BADCFE;
    ctx->state[3] = 0x10325476;
}

void md5_process( md5_context *ctx, const uint8 data[64] )
{
    uint32 X[16], A, B, C, D;

    GET_UINT32( X[0],  data,  0 );
    GET_UINT32( X[1],  data,  4 );
    GET_UINT32( X[2],  data,  8 );
    GET_UINT32( X[3],  data, 12 );
    GET_UINT32( X[4],  data, 16 );
    GET_UINT32( X[5],  data, 20 );
    GET_UINT32( X[6],  data, 24 );
    GET_UINT32( X[7],  data, 28 );
    GET_UINT32( X[8],  data, 32 );
    GET_UINT32( X[9],  data, 36 );
    GET_UINT32( X[10], data, 40 );
    GET_UINT32( X[11], data, 44 );
    GET_UINT32( X[12], data, 48 );
    GET_UINT32( X[13], data, 52 );
    GET_UINT32( X[14], data, 56 );
    GET_UINT32( X[15], data, 60 );

#define S(x,n) ((x << n) | ((x & 0xFFFFFFFF) >> (32 - n)))

#define P(a,b,c,d,k,s,t)                                \
{                                                       \
    a += F(b,c,d) + X[k] + t; a = S(a,s) + b;           \
}

    A = ctx->state[0];
    B = ctx->state[1];
    C = ctx->state[2];
    D = ctx->state[3];

#define F(x,y,z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))

    P( A, B, C, D,  0,  7, 0xD76AA478 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  1, 12, 0xE8C7B756 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  2, 17, 0x242070DB );
    P( B, C, D, A,  3, 22, 0xC1BDCEEE );
    P( A, B, C, D,  4,  7, 0xF57C0FAF );
    P( D, A, B, C,  5, 12, 0x4787C62A );
    P( C, D, A, B,  6, 17, 0xA8304613 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  7, 22, 0xFD469501 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  8,  7, 0x698098D8 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  9, 12, 0x8B44F7AF );
    P( C, D, A, B, 10, 17, 0xFFFF5BB1 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 11, 22, 0x895CD7BE );
    P( A, B, C, D, 12,  7, 0x6B901122 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 13, 12, 0xFD987193 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 14, 17, 0xA679438E );
    P( B, C, D, A, 15, 22, 0x49B40821 );

#undef F

#define F(x,y,z) (y ^ (z & (x ^ y)))

    P( A, B, C, D,  1,  5, 0xF61E2562 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  6,  9, 0xC040B340 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 11, 14, 0x265E5A51 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  0, 20, 0xE9B6C7AA );
    P( A, B, C, D,  5,  5, 0xD62F105D );
    P( D, A, B, C, 10,  9, 0x02441453 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 15, 14, 0xD8A1E681 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  4, 20, 0xE7D3FBC8 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  9,  5, 0x21E1CDE6 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 14,  9, 0xC33707D6 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  3, 14, 0xF4D50D87 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  8, 20, 0x455A14ED );
    P( A, B, C, D, 13,  5, 0xA9E3E905 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  2,  9, 0xFCEFA3F8 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  7, 14, 0x676F02D9 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 12, 20, 0x8D2A4C8A );

#undef F
    
#define F(x,y,z) (x ^ y ^ z)

    P( A, B, C, D,  5,  4, 0xFFFA3942 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  8, 11, 0x8771F681 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 11, 16, 0x6D9D6122 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 14, 23, 0xFDE5380C );
    P( A, B, C, D,  1,  4, 0xA4BEEA44 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  4, 11, 0x4BDECFA9 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  7, 16, 0xF6BB4B60 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 10, 23, 0xBEBFBC70 );
    P( A, B, C, D, 13,  4, 0x289B7EC6 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  0, 11, 0xEAA127FA );
    P( C, D, A, B,  3, 16, 0xD4EF3085 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  6, 23, 0x04881D05 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  9,  4, 0xD9D4D039 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 12, 11, 0xE6DB99E5 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 15, 16, 0x1FA27CF8 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  2, 23, 0xC4AC5665 );

#undef F

#define F(x,y,z) (y ^ (x | ~z))

    P( A, B, C, D,  0,  6, 0xF4292244 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  7, 10, 0x432AFF97 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 14, 15, 0xAB9423A7 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  5, 21, 0xFC93A039 );
    P( A, B, C, D, 12,  6, 0x655B59C3 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  3, 10, 0x8F0CCC92 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 10, 15, 0xFFEFF47D );
    P( B, C, D, A,  1, 21, 0x85845DD1 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  8,  6, 0x6FA87E4F );
    P( D, A, B, C, 15, 10, 0xFE2CE6E0 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  6, 15, 0xA3014314 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 13, 21, 0x4E0811A1 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  4,  6, 0xF7537E82 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 11, 10, 0xBD3AF235 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  2, 15, 0x2AD7D2BB );
    P( B, C, D, A,  9, 21, 0xEB86D391 );

#undef F

    ctx->state[0] += A;
    ctx->state[1] += B;
    ctx->state[2] += C;
    ctx->state[3] += D;
}

void md5_update( md5_context *ctx, const uint8 *input, uint32 length )
{
    uint32 left, fill;

    if( ! length ) return;

    left = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
    fill = 64 - left;

    ctx->total[0] += length;
    ctx->total[0] &= 0xFFFFFFFF;

    if( ctx->total[0] < length )
        ctx->total[1]++;

    if( left && length >= fill )
    {
        memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
                (void *) input, fill );
        md5_process( ctx, ctx->buffer );
        length -= fill;
        input  += fill;
        left = 0;
    }

    while( length >= 64 )
    {
        md5_process( ctx, input );
        length -= 64;
        input  += 64;
    }

    if( length )
    {
        memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
                (void *) input, length );
    }
}

static uint8 md5_padding[64] =
{
 0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};

void md5_finish( md5_context *ctx, uint8 digest[16] )
{
    uint32 last, padn;
    uint32 high, low;
    uint8 msglen[8];

    high = ( ctx->total[0] >> 29 )
         | ( ctx->total[1] <<  3 );
    low  = ( ctx->total[0] <<  3 );

    PUT_UINT32( low,  msglen, 0 );
    PUT_UINT32( high, msglen, 4 );

    last = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
    padn = ( last < 56 ) ? ( 56 - last ) : ( 120 - last );

    md5_update( ctx, md5_padding, padn );
    md5_update( ctx, msglen, 8 );

    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[0], digest,  0 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[1], digest,  4 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[2], digest,  8 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[3], digest, 12 );
}

#ifdef TEST

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

/*
 * those are the standard RFC 1321 test vectors
 */

static char *msg[] = 
{
    "",
    "a",
    "abc",
    "message digest",
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz",
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789",
    "12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012" \
        "345678901234567890"
};

static char *val[] =
{
    "d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e",
    "0cc175b9c0f1b6a831c399e269772661",
    "900150983cd24fb0d6963f7d28e17f72",
    "f96b697d7cb7938d525a2f31aaf161d0",
    "c3fcd3d76192e4007dfb496cca67e13b",
    "d174ab98d277d9f5a5611c2c9f419d9f",
    "57edf4a22be3c955ac49da2e2107b67a"
};

// int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
// {
//     FILE *f;
//     int i, j;
//     char output[33];
//     md5_context ctx;
//     unsigned char buf[1000];
//     unsigned char md5sum[16];

//     if( argc < 2 )
//     {
//         printf( "\n MD5 Validation Tests:\n\n" );

//         for( i = 0; i < 7; i++ )
//         {
//             printf( " Test %d ", i + 1 );

//             md5_starts( &ctx );
//             md5_update( &ctx, (uint8 *) msg[i], strlen( msg[i] ) );
//             md5_finish( &ctx, md5sum );

//             for( j = 0; j < 16; j++ )
//             {
//                 sprintf( output + j * 2, "%02x", md5sum[j] );
//             }

//             if( memcmp( output, val[i], 32 ) )
//             {
//                 printf( "failed!\n" );
//                 return( 1 );
//             }

//             printf( "passed.\n" );
//         }

//         printf( "\n" );
//     }
//     else
//     {
//         if( ! ( f = fopen( argv[1], "rb" ) ) )
//         {
//             perror( "fopen" );
//             return( 1 );
//         }

//         md5_starts( &ctx );

//         while( ( i = fread( buf, 1, sizeof( buf ), f ) ) > 0 )
//         {
//             md5_update( &ctx, buf, i );
//         }

//         md5_finish( &ctx, md5sum );

//         for( j = 0; j < 16; j++ )
//         {
//             printf( "%02x", md5sum[j] );
//         }

//         printf( "  %s\n", argv[1] );
//     }

//     return( 0 );
// }

#endif

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